Moses told the people:
“Hear O Israel, the Lord is our God, the Lord alone!”
Those words are as common to Jewish people as are the words going with the “Sign of the Cross are to us.
In Hebrew the words go something like this, “Shma , Israel, Adonai elohim, Adonai acham!”
Our “Hear, O Israel” translates “Shma, Istael.” With “shma” being more forceful than “Hear.” It is saying, “Shut up, and listen.”
The word that Moses used for the Lord was “Yahweh,” but out of fear of taking the Lord’s name in vain, the Jews always substituted Adonai for Yahweh.
The Hebrew word for “god” was “el.” But with the Hebrew plural being made by adding, not “s,” but “him,” “Elohim” really meant “many gods,” but the Jews used it to represent the one god. with