Both readings today tell us that the Bible cannot always be taken literally. The frst reading tells us that God made the shadow of the sun go backward. This passage was used in declaring Galileo guilty of heresy for saying that it is the earth, not the sun that moves. The bishops who condemned him were his friends, but they told him, “You can’t argue with God’s word.”
In the Gospel Jesus defended the Apostles for working on the Lord’s Day, even though the Bible says one shouldn’t.
Today we have Matthew’s account of the incident. In Mark’s account Jesus is quoted as saying, “The Sabbath is made for man, not man for the Sabbath.”