In telling us to render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar’s and to God the things that are God’s Jesus gave us a wonderful concise rule. “The Vatican Council declares that the human person has a right to religious freedom.”
So, Caesar, and by that Jesus meant civil governments, should never impose the rules of its favorite religion on people who honestly hold different religious beliefs. So, Pakistan is in error in imposing capitol punishment on individuals who lack religious respect for Muhammad. The Catholic Church was in error in classifying heresy a major crime.
For Catholics wanting to keep Church and State separate abortion is a sticky issue. We should not condemn those who conscientiously favor Freedom of Choice, even though we can’t always see how they hold to that view. Like, they are fighting an effort from the political Right in Texas to make anyone seeking an abortion to undergo a sonogram followed by a doctor’s pointing out the degree of development in the fetus. It is hard to see how they could argue with the sonogram's action picture of life in the womb.