The first chapter of Genesis was composed by Jewish priests, the next three chapters were composed by court story tellers.



The two creation accounts in Genesis have nothing to do with each other. In the first account, found in Chapter One, the Almighty is called “God.” In the second account, found in Chapters Two, Three, and Four he is called the “Lord God.” The difference is not incidental. The two different English names echo two different names employed by the authors. The name “God” in the first chapter translates the Hebrew “Elohim.” The name the “Lord God” in the next three chapters translates the Hebrew “Yahweh.

Bible and language scholars have clearly demonstrated that the sections of the Old Testament in which the Almighty is called God or elohim were composed by the Jewish priest class. As opposed to that, the sections of the Old Testament in which the Almighty is called the Lord, or Yahweh, were composed by the court story tellers in the time of David and Solomon.

The God or elohim passages composed by the priests sees everything from the point of view of religious observance. For instance, the priests ignore the role of the sun and moon as providers of heat and light. They see the coming and going of the sun and moon only as marking the beginning and end of periods of religious observance.

 The Yahweh passages in Chapters Two, Three, and Four began with story tellers who were keen on human interest details.

The forbidden fruit came from the tree of knowledge of good and evil. The gist of the serpent’s temptation was one of gaining for Eve and Adam the right to decide for themselves what is right and wrong. We fall into the same temptation when we make up our own rules. Like a neighbor boy of mine said, “I only sleep with one girl at a time. That’s my philosophy.” I had always thought that philosophy was a more sophisticated thing

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